COMPUTER DICTIONARY PDF FILE

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Dictionary of Computer Terms. The fifth edition of the Microsoft Computer Dictionary has table Document Format (PDF) file that can be viewed on. Dictionary of Computer and Internet Terms. 1st Edition – AUG 0/0/0/CS. This dictionary is adapted from Microsoft Language Portal with additions and edits. Library of Congress Catalog Card No. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data. Downing, Douglas. Dictionary of computer and Internet.


Computer Dictionary Pdf File

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Introduction Overview The Microsoft Computer Dictionary, Fifth Edition is designed to be a comprehensive and authoritative source of definitions for computer-related terms and abbreviations. The dictionary includes terms drawn from a wide variety of topics relevant to computer users, including software, hardware, networking, data storage, graphics, games, information processing, the Internet and the World Wide Web, gaming, history, jargon and slang, organizations, programming, and standards.

Although this book covers nearly every aspect of computing, it does not include entries on most companies or on most makes and models of computers, nor does it contain entries on most application software products. The few exceptions to this rule of thumb are key companies and products that have a historical or universal importance within the computing industry. This dictionary emphasizes terminology that the average computer user will encounter in documentation, online help, computer manuals, marketing and sales materials, the popular media, and the computer trade press.

Because most computer users operate personal computers and desktop systems at home, work, or both, the majority of the entries in this dictionary cover the terminology used in describing and working with these systems. However, some specialized or highly technical language is included that pertains to areas of industry, academia, software and Microsoft Computer Dictionary, Fifth Edition 6 Microsoft Computer Dictionary, Fifth Edition hardware development, and research.

These terms have been included because they have a bearing on more common computer terminology or because they are of historical significance. Changes in the Fifth Edition The fifth edition of the Microsoft Computer Dictionary has been revised and expanded to include over 10, entries, reflecting the many advances in the computer field and including several areas that have come into prominence in the public eye, such as networking, Web authoring, and new technologies, such as.

The content from the Year appendix has been integrated into the body of the dictionary and a new appendix on emoticons and instant messaging symbols has been added. Order of Presentation Entries are alphabetized by letter.

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Spaces are ignored, as are characters such as hyphens and slashes; for example, Baudot code falls between baud and baud rate, and machine-independent falls between machine identification and machine instruction.

Numbers and symbols are located at the beginning of the book and are listed in ascending ASCII order. If an entry begins with a letter or letters but contains a number, it is listed alphabetically, according to the initial letter s , and then according to ASCII order.

Thus, V20 precedes V. Entries Entries are of two types: main entries, which contain full definitions, and synonymous crossreferences, which contain See references to the appropriate main entries. Synonymous crossreferences are generally secondary or less common ways of referring to a main entry. The definition at the main entry can be substituted as a definition for the synonymous cross-reference. Format Information in each main entry is presented in a consistent format: entry name in boldface, spelling variants if any , part of speech, definition, illustration or table reference if any , acronym if any , alternative names if any , and cross-references if any.

Main Entries Entries that are acronyms or abbreviations for one or more words or concatenations of two or more words have those words spelled out at the beginning of the definition.

The letters in these words or phrases that make up the acronym, abbreviation, or concatenation are in boldface. When a main entry is spelled exactly the same as another main entry, the two entries are differentiated by the use of a superscript numeral after each term.

These entries are called homographs, and they are generally different parts of speech. For example, e-mail1 noun e-mail2 verb Spelling Variants When a main entry has one or more variations in the way it is spelled, each spelling variant follows the main entry, after the word or.

Parts of Speech Entries are broken down into four parts of speech, in addition to prefixes, abbreviated as follows: n. This way when the document is opened on a foreign computer it will still contain the font.

Emoticons: Because people cannot always see you when chatting on the internet we have symbols and pictures that relay our emotions. If you type this : it means you are smiling or happy. Sometimes when you type this a program will convert it to a smiley face icon.

Ergonomic office chair: This refers to a chair purposely designed to fit the comfort needs of the user with considerations such as surrounding environment taken into account. Ethernet: A LAN local area network connection method.

Plugging an Ethernet cable usually blue from a computers Ethernet port to a modem usually connects you to the internet. Therefore you have and Ethernet connection. When you install a program and press accept you are agreeing to these terms. Execute: Usually to start or perform something. Either to start a program or to carry out an action.

A file that can execute something usually has the file extension like. Execution file: A file with. When you press on a. Export: To remove a copy of information from a program that can be imported back at a later date. It could also be imported into a suitably compatible program. For example you can export your contacts list from Outlook Express and import it to Thunderbird.

Extensions: A file extension identifies labels a file and lets you know what program will open it. For example a file with. A file with. E-zine: An online magazine that is either published on the internet or delivered by email.

F FAQ: Short for frequently asked questions. Function keys: Keys on a keyboard that give special commands to the computer. For example you can press the F1 key to bring up a help menu. Function keys are usually at the top of the keyboard. It can also be displayed in the address bar in your browser, next to the URL of the webpage. File: In the old days a file used to be a section category that was kept in a filing cabinet, however now we have less paper to file away.

Now the term file can mean anything on your computer. Everything on your computer is made up of files. Folders and directories have files stored in them. Programs are made up of certain files that make the programs work. A file on a computer can mean any file unless you specify which type. For example there are music files, picture files, system files, and so on. File Extension: A file extension classifies what category a file falls into.

If it has. File name: The name assigned to a file. File transfer protocol: Abbreviated to FTP. This is a network protocol that states how a file can be transferred to another computer. For example you will have to use a FTP client to upload files to a web server. The files will be manipulated and standardized to be compatible with the other computer. Firewall: A personal firewall is a computer program that protects your computer from malicious users by blocking incoming and outgoing unauthorized access.

Windows Xp comes with a built in firewall. You can find it in the control panel under the security section. Filters: Can refer to a couple of different aspects in computing, It can refer to an Email Filter which is used to process emails and organize it to specified criteria, the most general criteria is usually to delete or send suspected spam emails to a spam folder instead of your inbox.

Folder: A Folder on a computer is used to store groups of files and other folders in an organized fashion, folders can be created by the user to make files easier to find similar to an alphabetized filing system in a cabinet or telephone directory. Font: A text type that you can apply to text. For example you can make text Tahoma, 12pt, bold or maybe Arial, 10pt, italic.

Footer: A space at the bottom of a document where you can place text or page numbers. If your document has more than one page the footer text can be repeated on every page. Footnote: A footnote is a snippet of text that is placed at the side or bottom of a page and refers to a piece of text in a document. It is like adding extra notes or explanations to different areas in a document Format: Hard drive, re-writeable disks to clear of all data.

Clean to the original state of empty. A hard drive has to be formatted and partitioned to install an operating system. It can also mean to format text by changing the font, color and size. Format text: It can also mean to format text by changing the font, color and size. Forward: Forward is an option found in an e-mail client, which allows you to forward a received e-mail to another recipient? Forum: This is a member based website, usually free to join, where people gather to chat and converse on a particular subject.

Forums can be used as a very useful learning tool for most subjects as people share their knowledge and experiences with others. You can find computer help forums, money saving forums, child birth forums, and more.. Floppy Disks: A form of old data storage that held data on magnetic tape.

The disk was also referred to as a 3. Freeware: Copyrighted software that is available for use without charge. It is not a trialware or shareware, it is completely free. G Gamer: A Gamer refers to someone who plays video games either on a computer or console it could also include board games as well. Glitch: A hardware problem much like a software bug, that causes a computer to malfunction.

Google: The number one search engine on the planet. Graphics: Usually anything that is displayed by the computer is known as a graphic display graph because it uses a pixel graph to place colors. Graphics Accelerator: Computer display device specially configured to provide enhanced performance. Graphics Card: An add-on component that can be installed into your computer to improve or enhance graphics that you see. This facility can also be built in and is then know as onboard graphics.

Graphics Driver: A small piece of software needed to run both onboard graphics and a graphics card. Graphic File: A picture or image file that has been stored digitally onto your computer. GUI: graphical user interface. This is when a computer user presses on icons, uses menus, or other graphical features to perform commands on a computer. This is the opposite to manually typing in difficult commands.

See the opposite CLI. H Hardware: The basic parts that make up your computer. The motherboard, hard drive, memory, etc. Hard drive: A hard drive is the storage component of your computer. It is the only place you can save a file to. You can add on an external hard drive or a flash pen drive for extra space. See the different drives of a computer. Hard disk: A magnetic storage device that stores large amounts of data.

Otherwise known as a hard drive. A compact disc stores data by writing to the disc with lasers. Header: Repetitive information that appears at the top of every page of a document.

See the header at the top of this page. Highlight: To select something by making it blue. You can left click once on a file or left click at the start of text, holding the button in to select the text you want. After you have selected something you can copy, cut, move, delete, and more.

If you right click on something that is highlighted you will see a menu. Hit: A hit in website talk is equal to one visit to a website. For example Tips4pc gets over 5, hits a day. Home page: The main page for a Web site which is classed as the entrance to a bigger series of related web pages. Html: hyper text markup language This is coding used to develop webpages. You can start from scratch, writing html or you can use a html editor like Frontpage that has a template to start with.

I Icon: A graphic symbol for an application, file or folder. There are icons that you can use to open applications on your desktop. There are also icons in your taskbar, control panel, and more.. Install: In computer terms it is referring to installing a software program onto your computer. IP Address: A unique address that each computer has. If you have a home network your modem will have an ip address, so will your router, and any computers that are attached.

It could be a local phone company or even a pay tv company. You internet service provider usually sends you a bill for your internet connection. J JavaScript: A programming language used in creating enhanced Web pages — for example with animated graphics or drop down menus. It can be incorporated into html or other web page languages to create a desired effect. K Keyboard: A device that enables you to communicate with a computer. For example you can write a letter by pressing on the keys of a keyboard.

Keypad: The set of numbers on the right hand side of the keyboard. For example an office or home network. Landscape: To position a page in landscape position makes the longest measurement the width and the shortest the height of the page.

As opposed to portrait page layout which has the page in normal upright position. Left Click: To press on the left mouse button once.

To double click is to press on the left mouse button twice. LCD: Liquid crystal display. Line spacing: The space or set measurement that is between two lines of text. For example the space between these lines you are reading now. Log Off: This can also be named log out, referring to the opposite of log on. To exit and sign out. To log off out of your user account. Log On: Log On refers to a user logging on or signing in to a computer system or website account, it is a form of security measure where the user is identified by a username and password, it is used so the user can obtain access to the system.

M Macro: A macro is a stored set of keystrokes or commands that will enable the user to save and repeat common tasks. For example you can a macro in Microsoft word. When a macro is added to a document it carries out the set of instructions. Mailing list: A list of email addresses collected with a particular topic in common. People on the mailing list will receive updates and information about that topic. For example Tips4pc. Message Rules: Rules that you can set in Outlook Express to filter your email messages.

Motherboard: The central circuit board that provides electrical connections so the other components of a computer can communicate with each other. It is the main part to a computer. Everything is connected to it. Monitor: The screen you view your running computer on. This is where you will see the login screen and the desktop. Media Devices: Media Devices are a general term for an electronic device which stores and plays Music, Photos or Videos, Media Devices are normally connected to a computer for Music, Photo and Video Files to be transferred to the device, although some media devices like an iPhone and other Smart Phones include Internet Access for an Application Store or Media Store which allows files to be transferred directly to the device.

Media Player: Can refer to a few things including a Media Device which stores and plays media files like Music and Videos explained more above , and Media Player software which will organize, hold and play media files on a computer some of the main ones are Windows Media Player which is preloaded on Windows Systems and QuickTime Player which is preloaded on Mac OS Systems.

Modem: This is a device which modulates an analogue carrier signal to encode digital information and can demodulate a carrier signal as well to decode the information, so it allows for the transfer of digital data across phone lines where if the digital data was kept in its original format it could not be transferred across the phone lines.

Ms-dos is the original operating system. Although it looked nothing like windows as it was text based and all commands had to be typed in. You had to know the basic command lines and language to do this. Multimedia: Information that is presented using more than one media type. For example a program might contain video, sound, graphics, and text. Multimedia computer: This is a computer equipped to handle multimedia applications and programs.

For example the computer should have a graphics accelerator, a sound card, speakers, and anything else that helps enhance the multimedia experience. N Net: Short for the internet. Netiquette: Manners to use for the internet, derived from the word etiquette. Network: A group of computers connected together either by cables or an internet connection. This allows them to share things such as information, files, and more. Norton Antivirus: Antivirus protection program that is available to download.

This is the most well known Virus program out there. Notebook Computer: A portable computer fully self-contained. Also known as a laptop computer. Notebooks can operate from batteries or AC Power unlike a desktop computer. Notification area: This is the area of a windows taskbar in the right bottom corner that displays important information, such as the time, the network connection icon, sound icon, etc.

Balloon notifications will popup if there are any updates or problems. This form of file system is no longer new, however it is still used for all operating systems from Windows onwards. The FAT file system mostly only exists on usb flash drives.

NTFS offers improved security, use of less disk space, and other features. Numbered List: A list in point form that is numbered sequentially as the steps are listed. The first point would be numbered one and the next two and so on. O OCR: Optical character reader. A device used to scan text from a document to a computer so it can be edited, stored, or reprinted at a later date.

For example you could scan a printed book into your computer and the text will be there for you to edit and change.

Offline: To be offline is to not be connected to the internet or to not be on the internet. Online: You go online to browse the internet. Open file: To bring a file out of storage and into the computers memory for use. For example you can open a file by double clicking on it.

You can also open programs by double clicking on icons on the desktop. Organic Search: Search results in a search engine that that come up naturally and are not paid advertisements. The paid adverts are usually at the top and to the right of the organic results. OS: Operating System Is the main program that runs your computer.

Windows is probably the most popular. OSK: On screen keyboard. Windows has a built in OSK. You can type OSK in the run command window and it will appear.

Output: When you command your computer to perform a task, the resulting operation is the output. For example you might request that your computer saves a document or maybe prints it. Saving and Printing is the result of this computer operation and therefore is the output. Overwrite: When you save a file in the same location as another file, if the filenames are identical, you will overwrite the previous version of the file.

To avoid overwriting the original file you need to give the files different names. Then it is ok to store them in the same location. This measures the number of times a webpage is visited. This is also a broad term and can be further categorized into unique visitors and page loads.

Parental Controls: Parental Controls are options which can be set by a parent to monitor and limit what their child can view or do on the computer as well as limiting the time they can spend on it. Partition: A section of your hard drive after it has been subdivided into two or more sections. Separate partitions are labeled as different drives. For example you can partition your GB hard drive into two GB hard drives and name one C: drive and the other D: drive.

Passwords: A password is security measure that people use to identify themselves. A password can prove that it is in fact you signing in to your email account, website login area, or even your computer. A password can be made up of a combination of letters, numbers, or even characters. Path: A Path specifies a unique location of a file on a computer.

In other words it is an address of where a file is stored. This is the path. Peripherals: Peripherals are those pieces of hardware that you add on to your computer. For example a mouse, keyboard, modem, monitor, etc. PCI: peripheral component interconnect These are slots on the motherboard, usually white, where you can add cards onto your computer.

You can add soundcards, internal modems, TV cards, and more… Power Supply: This is a component of the computer that supplies power to all of the other components. You plug power into the back of the computer. Commonly used to take photographs of the screen. Paste: A command that transfers information from a clipboard, where it has been stored temporarily, and inserts it in another location. For example you can copy a file and paste it into another location on the computer.

Patch: A small add-on to a program that improves on the original piece of software. For example a patch for a program may be needed to repair an error that occurs when using the program.

PC: Short for personal computer. This usually refers to a computer used for personal use only. An expansion card slot on your motherboard where you can internally plug add-ons to your computer. For example you could add an internal modem, a tv card, a sound card, and more. An expansion slot for laptops. For example you can add a wireless adapter card to pick up a wireless internet connection. A document format designed by Adobe that was intended to make documents compatible on all types of computers.

You can download Adobe Acrobat software for free. Photo Sharing Sites: Websites that let you upload photos for others to view and download. A popular example is Flickr. Ping: Ping is a network utility used to find out if a computer connected on a network. Pinging can be done over the internet or a network to see if a connection is alive.

You can ping a website by using its domain name or you can ping a computer on your network by using its IP address. If the ping is successful then the computer exists on the network.

Piracy: Illegally producing a copy of anything that is copyrighted. It could be an illegal copy of a software program, music files, or even full movies.

Pixel: A graphic unit and is usually made up of dots of color. A picture on a screen can be pixels wide by pixels high. Podcast: An audio show broadcast over the Internet and can sometimes be recorded and downloaded to your computer. Popular radio stations let you download podcasts of their shows. Point: A measurement used to indicate the size of a font.

For example 36 points equals half an inch. Pointer: When you move your mouse around on the screen it is represented by a pointer. A pointer is used to point to something. It gets taken to the email server to distribute to the appropriate email recipient.

It is a bit like a post office in the real world and the email client is your letter box. To merge data or files together to become one package.

For example you might embed an uncommon font type into a word document. This way when the document is opened on a foreign computer it will still contain the font. Because people cannot always see you when chatting on the internet we have symbols and pictures that relay our emotions. If you type this: Sometimes when you type this a program will convert it to a smiley face icon. Ergonomic office chair: This refers to a chair purposely designed to fit the comfort needs of the user with considerations such as surrounding environment taken into account.

A LAN local area network connection method. Plugging an Ethernet cable usually blue from a computers Ethernet port to a modem usually connects you to the internet. Therefore you have and Ethernet connection. End User License Agreement A text file that usually accompanies software and is the legal agreement between the manufacturer and a downloadr.

When you install a program and press accept you are agreeing to these terms. Usually to start or perform something. Either to start a program or to carry out an action. A file that can execute something usually has the file extension like. Execution file: A file with.

When you press on a.

computer dictionary.pdf

To remove a copy of information from a program that can be imported back at a later date. It could also be imported into a suitably compatible program. For example you can export your contacts list from Outlook Express and import it to Thunderbird.

A file extension identifies labels a file and lets you know what program will open it. For example a file with. An online magazine that is either published on the internet or delivered by email. Function keys: Keys on a keyboard that give special commands to the computer. For example you can press the F1 key to bring up a help menu.

Function keys are usually at the top of the keyboard. It can also be displayed in the address bar in your browser, next to the URL of the webpage.

Account Options

In the old days a file used to be a section category that was kept in a filing cabinet, however now we have less paper to file away. Now the term file can mean anything on your computer. Everything on your computer is made up of files.

Folders and directories have files stored in them. Programs are made up of certain files that make the programs work. A file on a computer can mean any file unless you specify which type. For example there are music files, picture files, system files, and so on. File Extension: A file extension classifies what category a file falls into. If it has. File Permissions: File transfer protocol: Abbreviated to FTP. This is a network protocol that states how a file can be transferred to another computer.

For example you will have to use a FTP client to upload files to a web server. The files will be manipulated and standardized to be compatible with the other computer. A personal firewall is a computer program that protects your computer from malicious users by blocking incoming and outgoing unauthorized access. Windows Xp comes with a built in firewall. You can find it in the control panel under the security section.

Can refer to a couple of different aspects in computing, It can refer to an Email Filter which is used to process emails and organize it to specified criteria, the most general criteria is usually to delete or send suspected spam emails to a spam folder instead of your inbox. A Folder on a computer is used to store groups of files and other folders in an organized fashion, folders can be created by the user to make files easier to find similar to an alphabetized filing system in a cabinet or telephone directory.

A text type that you can apply to text. For example you can make text Tahoma, 12pt, bold or maybe Arial, 10pt, italic. A space at the bottom of a document where you can place text or page numbers. If your document has more than one page the footer text can be repeated on every page. A footnote is a snippet of text that is placed at the side or bottom of a page and refers to a piece of text in a document.

It is like adding extra notes or explanations to different areas in a document. Hard drive, re-writeable disks to clear of all data. Clean to the original state of empty. A hard drive has to be formatted and partitioned to install an operating system. It can also mean to format text by changing the font, color and size. Format text: Forward is an option found in an e-mail client, which allows you to forward a received e-mail to another recipient?

This is a member based website, usually free to join, where people gather to chat and converse on a particular subject. Forums can be used as a very useful learning tool for most subjects as people share their knowledge and experiences with others.

You can find computer help forums, money saving forums, child birth forums, and more..

Floppy Disks: A form of old data storage that held data on magnetic tape. The disk was also referred to as a 3. Copyrighted software that is available for use without charge. It is not a trialware or shareware, it is completely free. A Gamer refers to someone who plays video games either on a computer or console it could also include board games as well. Gaming PC: A hardware problem much like a software bug, that causes a computer to malfunction.

Usually anything that is displayed by the computer is known as a graphic display graph because it uses a pixel graph to place colors. Graphics Accelerator: Computer display device specially configured to provide enhanced performance. Graphics Card: An add-on component that can be installed into your computer to improve or enhance graphics that you see. This facility can also be built in and is then know as onboard graphics.

Graphics Driver: A small piece of software needed to run both onboard graphics and a graphics card. Graphic File: A picture or image file that has been stored digitally onto your computer. This is when a computer user presses on icons, uses menus, or other graphical features to perform commands on a computer. This is the opposite to manually typing in difficult commands.

See the opposite CLI. The basic parts that make up your computer. The motherboard, hard drive, memory, etc. Hard drive: A hard drive is the storage component of your computer. It is the only place you can save a file to. You can add on an external hard drive or a flash pen drive for extra space.

computer dictionary.pdf

See the different drives of a computer. Hard disk: A magnetic storage device that stores large amounts of data. Otherwise known as a hard drive. A compact disc stores data by writing to the disc with lasers. Repetitive information that appears at the top of every page of a document. See the header at the top of this page. To select something by making it blue.

You can left click once on a file or left click at the start of text, holding the button in to select the text you want. After you have selected something you can copy, cut, move, delete, and more. If you right click on something that is highlighted you will see a menu. A hit in website talk is equal to one visit to a website.

For example Tips4pc gets over 5, hits a day. Home page: The main page for a Web site which is classed as the entrance to a bigger series of related web pages. For example http: You can start from scratch, writing html or you can use a html editor like Frontpage that has a template to start with. A graphic symbol for an application, file or folder. There are icons that you can use to open applications on your desktop. There are also icons in your taskbar, control panel, and more.. In computer terms it is referring to installing a software program onto your computer.

IP Address: A unique address that each computer has. If you have a home network your modem will have an ip address, so will your router, and any computers that are attached. Internet service provider Your ISP is the company that supplies your internet connection to you.

It could be a local phone company or even a pay tv company. You internet service provider usually sends you a bill for your internet connection. A programming language used in creating enhanced Web pages — for example with animated graphics or drop down menus.

It can be incorporated into html or other web page languages to create a desired effect. A device that enables you to communicate with a computer. For example you can write a letter by pressing on the keys of a keyboard. The set of numbers on the right hand side of the keyboard. Local Area Network A group of computers that share a common connection and are usually in a small area.

For example an office or home network. To position a page in landscape position makes the longest measurement the width and the shortest the height of the page. As opposed to portrait page layout which has the page in normal upright position.

Left Click: To press on the left mouse button once. To double click is to press on the left mouse button twice. Liquid crystal display. Line spacing: The space or set measurement that is between two lines of text. For example the space between these lines you are reading now. Log Off: This can also be named log out, referring to the opposite of log on. To exit and sign out. To log off out of your user account. Log On: Log On refers to a user logging on or signing in to a computer system or website account, it is a form of security measure where the user is identified by a username and password, it is used so the user can obtain access to the system.

A macro is a stored set of keystrokes or commands that will enable the user to save and repeat common tasks. For example you can a macro in Microsoft word. When a macro is added to a document it carries out the set of instructions. Mail bomb: Mailing list: A list of email addresses collected with a particular topic in common. People on the mailing list will receive updates and information about that topic. For example Tips4pc. Message Rules: Rules that you can set in Outlook Express to filter your email messages.

The central circuit board that provides electrical connections so the other components of a computer can communicate with each other. It is the main part to a computer.

Everything is connected to it. The screen you view your running computer on. This is where you will see the login screen and the desktop. Media Devices: Media Devices are a general term for an electronic device which stores and plays Music, Photos or Videos, Media Devices are normally connected to a computer for Music, Photo and Video Files to be transferred to the device, although some media devices like an iPhone and other Smart Phones include Internet Access for an Application Store or Media Store which allows files to be transferred directly to the device.

Media Player: Can refer to a few things including a Media Device which stores and plays media files like Music and Videos explained more above , and Media Player software which will organize, hold and play media files on a computer some of the main ones are Windows Media Player which is preloaded on Windows Systems and QuickTime Player which is preloaded on Mac OS Systems. This is a device which modulates an analogue carrier signal to encode digital information and can demodulate a carrier signal as well to decode the information, so it allows for the transfer of digital data across phone lines where if the digital data was kept in its original format it could not be transferred across the phone lines.

Microsoft Disk Operating System. Ms-dos is the original operating system. Although it looked nothing like windows as it was text based and all commands had to be typed in. You had to know the basic command lines and language to do this. Information that is presented using more than one media type. For example a program might contain video, sound, graphics, and text.

Multimedia computer: This is a computer equipped to handle multimedia applications and programs. For example the computer should have a graphics accelerator, a sound card, speakers, and anything else that helps enhance the multimedia experience. A group of computers connected together either by cables or an internet connection.

This allows them to share things such as information, files, and more. Norton Antivirus: Antivirus protection program that is available to download. This is the most well known Virus program out there. Notebook Computer: A portable computer fully self-contained. Also known as a laptop computer. Notebooks can operate from batteries or AC Power unlike a desktop computer. Notification area: This is the area of a windows taskbar in the right bottom corner that displays important information, such as the time, the network connection icon, sound icon, etc.

Balloon notifications will popup if there are any updates or problems. New Technology File System. This form of file system is no longer new, however it is still used for all operating systems from Windows onwards. The FAT file system mostly only exists on usb flash drives. NTFS offers improved security, use of less disk space, and other features.

Numbered List: A list in point form that is numbered sequentially as the steps are listed. The first point would be numbered one and the next two and so on. Optical character reader. A device used to scan text from a document to a computer so it can be edited, stored, or reprinted at a later date. For example you could scan a printed book into your computer and the text will be there for you to edit and change. To be offline is to not be connected to the internet or to not be on the internet.

You go online to browse the internet. Open file: To bring a file out of storage and into the computers memory for use. For example you can open a file by double clicking on it.

You can also open programs by double clicking on icons on the desktop. Organic Search: Search results in a search engine that that come up naturally and are not paid advertisements. The paid adverts are usually at the top and to the right of the organic results.

Operating System Is the main program that runs your computer. Windows is probably the most popular.

On screen keyboard. Windows has a built in OSK. You can type OSK in the run command window and it will appear. When you command your computer to perform a task, the resulting operation is the output. For example you might request that your computer saves a document or maybe prints it.

Saving and Printing is the result of this computer operation and therefore is the output. When you save a file in the same location as another file, if the filenames are identical, you will overwrite the previous version of the file.

To avoid overwriting the original file you need to give the files different names. Then it is ok to store them in the same location. Page Impressions: This can also be known as Page Hits or Page Views. This measures the number of times a webpage is visited.

This is also a broad term and can be further categorized into unique visitors and page loads. Parental Controls: Parental Controls are options which can be set by a parent to monitor and limit what their child can view or do on the computer as well as limiting the time they can spend on it. A section of your hard drive after it has been subdivided into two or more sections.

Separate partitions are labeled as different drives. A password is security measure that people use to identify themselves.

A password can prove that it is in fact you signing in to your email account, website login area, or even your computer. A password can be made up of a combination of letters, numbers, or even characters. A Path specifies a unique location of a file on a computer. In other words it is an address of where a file is stored. For example my pictures are stored in C: This is the path.

Peripherals are those pieces of hardware that you add on to your computer. For example a mouse, keyboard, modem, monitor, etc. You can add soundcards, internal modems, TV cards, and more…. Power Supply: This is a component of the computer that supplies power to all of the other components.

You plug power into the back of the computer. Print Screen Key: Commonly used to take photographs of the screen. A command that transfers information from a clipboard, where it has been stored temporarily, and inserts it in another location.

For example you can copy a file and paste it into another location on the computer. A small add-on to a program that improves on the original piece of software. For example a patch for a program may be needed to repair an error that occurs when using the program. Short for personal computer. This usually refers to a computer used for personal use only. Peripheral Component Interconnect. An expansion card slot on your motherboard where you can internally plug add-ons to your computer.

For example you could add an internal modem, a tv card, a sound card, and more. An expansion slot for laptops. For example you can add a wireless adapter card to pick up a wireless internet connection. Portable Document Format. A document format designed by Adobe that was intended to make documents compatible on all types of computers.

You can download Adobe Acrobat software for free. Photo Sharing Sites: Websites that let you upload photos for others to view and download. A popular example is Flickr. Ping is a network utility used to find out if a computer connected on a network. Pinging can be done over the internet or a network to see if a connection is alive. You can ping a website by using its domain name or you can ping a computer on your network by using its IP address.

If the ping is successful then the computer exists on the network.

Term of the Day:

Illegally producing a copy of anything that is copyrighted. It could be an illegal copy of a software program, music files, or even full movies. A graphic unit and is usually made up of dots of color. A picture on a screen can be pixels wide by pixels high. An audio show broadcast over the Internet and can sometimes be recorded and downloaded to your computer.

Popular radio stations let you download podcasts of their shows. A measurement used to indicate the size of a font. For example 36 points equals half an inch. When you move your mouse around on the screen it is represented by a pointer. A pointer is used to point to something. Pointing Device: An input device you use to move the pointer on the screen. It could be a mouse, or maybe a touchpad. Post Office Protocol 3.

An E-mail protocol that allows users to download emails directly to their computers. Without pop3 you would have to go online to read your emails. POP Sever: A pop server is a server using Pop3 to temporarily store your emails until you open them. It is like a post office. A socket on a computer into which an external device can be plugged. For example a printer is plugged into a usb port on your computer.

An article published to a website. WordPress websites have posts and pages. The posts are everyday articles and the pages are permanent fixtures. Power-On Self-Test Each time you start your computer, the computer checks for errors, then if all is ok it boots up into your operating system. Some computers beep once when they have passed the test at boot up.

See more about POST. PowerPoint Presentation: A slide show presentation created with a program such as Microsoft PowerPoint. Print preview: Before you print a document you can preview your work to reduce mistakes being printed out. An output device that prints information from your computer to produce a copy on paper. When you have printed something on a piece of paper, this is the printout. An established sequence of instructions that tells a computer what to do.How is it set.

You can restore files to the way they were a last week, or even yesterday. In a hierarchical network structure, pertaining to the location of a network entity that is lower in the hierarchy.

Implementation of the functions in one layer can be changed without affecting functions in other layers. Windows Xp comes with a built in firewall. Affiliate: An affiliate is a person or company that advertises and promotes other companies products in order to make a sale.

ANNETT from Philadelphia
I do relish exploring ePub and PDF books rarely . Feel free to read my other posts. I absolutely love australian football.
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